Automated assembly machines must be able to produce exact parts and products continually. The primary purpose of automatic assembly is to streamline production. As a means to get this done, there must be flexibility when constructing machines, so that they can do specific jobs. For instance, devices are usually classified in one of four ways:
- Dial-type machines have base parts lowered onto fixtures, which are connected to a circular dial. Components are then added at workstations surrounding the dial.
- In-line systems are built with several automatic workstations, which are all located alongside the transfer system. In-line systems are considered the automated variant of manually assembly lines. With this machine, sub assemblies can be completed simultaneously at different workstations.
- Carousel assembly systems are like hybrids of both in-line and dial assembly. Carousel assembly systems use a mixture of asynchronous, continuous, and synchronous transfer mechanisms, which help to move parts across the system.
- Straight line assembling is performed in one location. Base components are added to the machine, and then parts are added to the base. This is usually done with feeding mechanisms.
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